Eddy's Little Elk
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I bring many years of personal and unique historical research, reading, collaboration, living, and writing experiences. I am a published historian, journalist, and genealogist, whose roots are in the Central Oregon Coast, the primary though not exclusive gathering or focal point of these stories.
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Fisk Eddy (1824-1911)
on Valentine's Day in Clarendon, Rutland County, Vermont.
to Lincoln County lore, he was an enormous man. He stood six feet,
inches tall, and was said to be very powerful. He probably weighed
over 250 pounds, and had to stoop and enter an ordinary doorway
Most of the legends about Israel Eddy had to do with his tremendous strength. One old timer said he saw Israel take the axle of the wheel of a loaded hay wagon and lift it out of the mud so the horses could pull it out of a mudhole. He said he was a tiny boy at the time, and was overwhelmed by Mr. Eddy's strength. Another tale says that Israel could put a heavy steel spike--similar to the ones used in making bridges--between his fingers, slam down on it, and the spike would bend to their shape.
(1) Railroad Baron Wallis Nash (2) Settler Israel Eddy (3) Eddyville
The Eddys settled
is now the town of Eddyville, in 1870. Israel Eddy was 46 years
the time, the area was known as Little Elk.
His first wife, Eliza Jane W. Farra, who he married March 19, 1846 in Vermont, died after they had raised their four children: William Destin, Francis Elvin, Joseph Hale and Mary Helen. In 1856, he married Polly Delia Pickensin Iowa. In 1857 their son, Perry Ezekiel Eddy, was born. In 1876 Israel was married a third time to the former wife of Felix Aikey (1825-1873), Marie Phelonise Manuel (1842-1916) on October 21, 1876 in Le Sueur, Silbey County, Minnesota. Their daughter, Eva May (1862-1875), was a young teen when they came West to what is now known as Lincoln County. She died December 27 at the age of 13 years and seven months. Lucky Fisk Eddy was born May 16, 1879 in Eddyville. The marriage between Marie and Israel ended in divorce.
Israel Eddy left his land and everything dear to him in Minnesota and came out West to join his father, Ezekiel Isaac Eddy (1800-1890) who was already here with his wife, Lucy Fisk (1805-1878).
Ezekiel had crossed the plains at least twice in his life time. He was a considerably old man to be making such a move. He brought his grown children with him.
The old man was a true son of the Revolution, because his father, James Eddy, fought in the Revolutionary War.
Israel bought land in Little Elk from a young bride and groom. Legend has it that he and his father rode to Corvallis and came back with a mule or two loaded down with silver money to pay for the land.
They built the sawmill and the grist mill on this land, and used a small dam on the Yaquina River to supply the power. The heavy stones used to grind the grain were shipped from England, and were carried from Siletz Bay to Eddy's grist mill by an Indian.
Israel's reason for putting a grist mill in the middle of tall timber was a puzzle to people, but he was convinced that the railroad was coming through to connect Central Oregon--which people then believed would become the grain capital of the world--with the Pacific coast. The prediction was that Newport would become an enormous port, and the grain from Eastern and Central Oregon would be shipped from there.
These plans ever materialized, however, and Israel ended up grinding flour for local use instead of foreign trade.
The railroad, it is thought, could have been instrumental in changing Little Elk to Eddyville. Israel owned a lot of land in the Little Elk area when Colonel T. Egerton Hogg was putting his railroad through to the Oregon coast. When Eddy gave the railroad right-of-way privileges through his land, it was under the consideration that they would name the area Eddyville.
But there were other more powerful interests that didn't want to see Newport become an enormous port with all the grain from Eastern and Central Oregon being shipped through it.
Although it is unofficial, some people speculate that there was sabotage beyond belief on this railroad. Tunnels were set on fire, bridges were undercut or burned, and every underhanded deed was done to try and keep this railroad from succeeding. It went bankrupt time and time again. Wallis Nash poured millions of dollars into it. But Portland interests bought up a great deal of land around Yaquina Bay, so that docks couldn't be built. Considerable land in Lincoln County is still owned by some of these old estates. There were people who were determined that Portland was going to be the big port; and they didn't want Newport developed at any cost.
The Eddyville post office seems to have had more than the usual number of moves. It was established as Little Elk on July 14, 1868, with John L. Shipley first postmaster. It was first called Little Elk, because it was near the mouth of Little Elk Creek. That office was discontinued September 16, 1872, and re-established October 20, 1873 (Oregon Post Offices 1847-1982, p. 60)
On March 13, 1888, Israel Eddy, who was postmaster at the time, moved the office about a mile west and had the name changed to Eddyville. Some four years later the office was brought back to its original location, and the name changed to Little Elk. About 1893 it was moved again to Eddy's place and was continued under the name of Eddyville until 1900 when it was moved back to the mouth of Little Elk Creek, but this time the name was not changed and the office still goes by the name Eddyville. (Oregon Post Offices 1847-1982, p. 34)
On October 7, 1893, the year Lincoln County was established from a portion of Benton County, the post office was again moved to Eddy Creek, a mile west of where Eddyville is now located on the Yaquina River, and about eight miles east of Toledo. It remained there under the name Eddyville until 1900 when it was again moved back to the mouth of Little Elk Creek. However, this time, the name remained Eddyville. (Oregon Geographic Names, 1992, p. 280)
Israel Eddy was fond of trees and had a fine orchard in Eddyville. People from around Siletz and Kernville would come over and help out with the apple harvest. This was something they looked forward to in the fall, because they had a good time, particularly the children.
In the Evenings, they would build campfires and Israel would entertain them with an organ grinder, at which he was reputed to be quite talented. That was a big treat for everyone--especially the youngsters--in days of limited entertainment.
Besides his other enterprises, Israel owned a grocery store. Above the store was a big room he divided off with curtains into a sleeping room for people traveling through. The room was also used for dances he threw on Saturday nights.
Dances in those days were very important sources of entertainment. People would come from miles around on horseback or in wagons. They would bring along their children and put them to bed in the back of their wagons and prepared to spend the night. The dancers and their families would have breakfast the following morning.
Liquor was brought to the dances. Inevitably there would be a fight, and Israel took it upon himself to break them up. He would take the offenders by the back of their necks and pull them apart. Then he would escort them outside and dump them in a watering trough.
(1) Deer Creek Bridge (2) Chitwood Store & Bridge (3) Hill Top Bridge
to travel. From one trip he took on horseback to California, he
back several redwood trees. One redwood stands today on former
It is located on the north edge of Highway 20 on the straight
the road just west of Eddyville. The redwoods around Chitwood
have been planted there by him.
Israel's son, Perry (1857-1940), married Mary Amanda Frantz (1865-1905). She was the daughter of Civil War Captain, Samuel P. Frantz, and his wife, Mary Harris. They came from Iowa to Oregon in 1866 and bought Fort Hoskins directly from the government.
Perry and Mary Amanda had a family of five children: Elmer, David, Israel, Delmar and Myrtle.They were all born in KingsValley or Hoskins, right where the Kings Valley-Hoskins road comes together. That is where the Eddy place is located.
1938 Interview With B. Y. Frantz
B. Y.Frantz lives in the ancestral home on the old Fort Hoskins reservation. His brother E. O. Frantz lives a few yards distant at the foot of the knoll on the site of the old Post Hospital. They are the oldest inhabitants and settlers left in Kings Valley, and the closest link with the early days. Both are dependable witnesses:
My father, Samuel P. Frantz, was born in
lost his father at the age of four, found a wife in Ohio, and came
from Iowa in 1866. My mother's name was Mary Harris.
Father crossed in a wagon drawn by three yoke of oxen. He was a member of the train whose captain was a man named Jones. The Indians never really attacked them but were continually threatening; they often had to corral the wagons in defense. Father said the renegade whites were worse than the Indians to steal the immigrants’ stock. They made a stop of three days on the Platte River, where there was plenty of water and good feed, to rest the cattle and give the women a chance to do some extra washing and cleaning. On an island in the Platte they discovered pole corrals which showed they had been used to hold horses for long periods and were evidently the work of white men rather than Indians. The Indians would have taken stolen horses with them on their travels, but the whites held them until they had enough to drive to a safe market. Another time on the trip some of the stock strayed and could not be found. More than 24 hours later brought the missing animals back to the train.
There were some deaths in father’s train as there might be in any considerable group in six months time, but no serious outbreaks or epidemics. The train crossed the cascades by the Barlow route, I believe, but in some places they had almost to carve their own road.
Father had no kinfolk in Oregon. A pair of bachelors on a stream in Eastern Oregon tried to get him to locate there and were so anxious to get neighbors that they promised to stock him with horses and seed. But father had his mind set on going to the coast and did not stop until he came to Kings Valley. He had a friend named Stone with whom we stopped until we could find a place of our own.
Fort Hoskins had been abandoned by the government in 1865 and father bought the farm including the reservation from Rowland Chambers. It had originally been the Van Peer donation land claim. We lived the first year in the old hospital building on the site where my brother's house is now. The fort buildings were still standing when we bought the place but were later torn down and the material used elsewhere. When Dr. J. B. Horner of Oregon State College was trying to fix the location of the building at the old fort I was able to help him for I remembered them all and had reinforced my memory by talking with older persons who had been familiar with the fort as an active army post.
Father depended upon cattle raising more than upon tilling the soil. The hills were then generally bare of trees and covered with fine grass. The cattle were sold to drovers who drove them to Portland or to the mines in Idaho in Southern and Eastern Oregon.
Van Peer had built a sawmill, run by water power, on his claim. The logs came from further up the Luckiamute River. The second growth fir timber that is being cut so extensively now in Kings Valley has all grown within my recollection. Ten years ago there were three foot trees cut on this place whose growth I had watched since they were seedlings.
When we first came here we had to go to Corvallis for mail. Later a man named Kisor carried mail from Corvallis to Dallas, taking two days for the round trip. This route supplied Kings Valley.
Our folks came after the settlement was established and missed some of the hardships of the first comers. I have heard Mrs. Norton, one of the members of the King party tell how she made shirts or dresses for her children out of the blankets they had used on the trip across the plains. She said she never went visiting expecting to get a change in fare for she knew beforehand what she would get. All that anybody had had at first was venison and wheat hominy if they had been lucky enough to kill the venison. A Mr. Stump who had a claim north of here lived chiefly on boiled wheat eaten from an oaken bowl he had made himself. The wheat took a long time to cook thoroughly and when he took one kettle off the fire and began eating it he started another one cooking.
In the early days the train from Corvallis to the Siletz Reservation went by here. There was no passable wagon road and most of the freight was carried by Indians. A squaw would carry a two bushel sack of wheat all the way from the valley to the coast. A grist mill was being built on the Yaquina and some part was too unwieldy to be loaded on a mule. It was a shaft or one of the mill stones. A squaw carried it but died from the over exhaustion.
My father's children were Charles Amos; Rebecca, who married a son of Arnold Fuller of the Wells community; Wallace; Jefferson; myself; Edson O. ("Doc"); Lydia, who died young; Many, who married Perry Eddy of the Eddyville pioneers; and Marion. All but Marion were born before the folks came to Oregon.
All my schooling was in Kings Valley. Among my teachers I remember Bob Armstrong, Alice Rice, Charles Crosno, Henry Randall, Tom Crawford, James Chambers, and Mr. Fairclaugh (sp?). Most of the teachers were men, but a Miss Allen taught one term. There was no thought of a graded school such as we have today. Pupils were placed by the readers they used. In spelling the whole school was lined up and spelled down, beginning with the easier words. The walls of the schoolhouse almost bulged out with the 65 or 70 pupils that attended at times. The benches and desks were all home-make. The smaller kids had no desks but sat on benches around the walls. Sometimes one of the little ones would go to sleep and roll off the bench.
I never went to but one winter school in all my time. The annual school meeting would be held the first week in March and decision made to hold a term of school. Sometimes two or three weeks more would go by before all arrangements were made and the school started. Then we boys would have to stop in two or three months for harvest and no more school until next year. The school here at Hoskins was not started until some years later. I have served 15 years on the school board, but that is the extent of my public service.
For social gatherings we had play parties and dances. I did not dance much, but I always went and had a good time. I don’t remember the games we played, but most of them had hugging and kissing in them. Church services and revival meetings were held regularly in the schoolhouse and we always went.
In 1889 I married Laura Reed. Our children were Maud (Mrs. Mosier), Dora (also Mrs. Mosier), Merle, who keeps the store at Hoskins, Kate (Mrs. Kinderman), Leila (Mrs. Bauer), Walter, who is with the Valley and Siletz railroad, and George, who is at home. My wife died 20 years ago. I think the country is going rotten.
E.O.Frantz was about 73 years old, still able bodied and mentally sound when he was interview by WPA in 1938. His knowledge Fort Hoskins can hardly be doubted:
Fort Hoskins was abandoned as a military
in 1865 and my father, Samuel Paul Frantz, came from Missouri to
and bought the place from Mr. Chambers who had first located
about three years old at the time. We lived the first year there
buildings were removed. I remember them distinctly and after I was
I had the opportunity to confirm my recollections by talking with
men who had served at the post or had otherwise had a reason to be
with the arrangement. The old flagstaff was perhaps 18 inches in
and more than a hundred feet tall when it was cut off at the
coins and documents which are reputed to have been placed under
have never been disturbed. The old pole was used as a timber in
a mill in Kings Valley, where it may still be seen.
The detachment which built the fort had their own sawmill with which they cut the lumber used. The buildings were substantial and comfortable at the time. They were all whitewashed on the outside. The Commissary, which provided living quarters for the men, was about 125 feet long, with a fireplace at each end.
There were at least two target ranges. At the one in the valley the first rain after the annual plowing still uncovers many of the old bullets at half inch or more in diameter, and evidently from the old paper cartridges used in the muzzle-loading muskets.
In Kings Valley, near the town of that name in the northwest corner of Benton County, is the site of Fort Hoskins. This fort was established in 1856 by Cpt. C. A. Augur, Company G, 4th US Infantry. It was named for Lt. Charles Hoskins who was appointed to West Point Military Academy from North Carolina and who was killed in action at Monterey, Mexico in 1846. The fort was built to protect the settlers from possible forays by the Indians of the Siletz Reservation, and was situated on a two acre table land about 50 feet above the valley floor and about 500 yards from the east entrance to the trail leading through the mountains to the reservation.
Fort Hoskins was abandoned in 1865 and the location forgotten. The site was identified in 1922 by Dr. John B. Horner and his class from Oregon State College, and was marked by a memorial flag pole.
The fort is remembered today because of the high rank afterward attained by several of the officers who served there. Cpt. Augur, who built the fort, was afterward a major general. Lt. Phil H. Sheridan who served several months here as quartermaster and commissary, attained the rank of lieutenant general during the Civil War and afterwards was made a general.
I was born in 1863, next after my brother Byington Olds with whom you have talked. I can add nothing to what he has said about the family and the early days. I have been practically all my life on this place and farmed most of the time. I followed logging for 15 years or more, getting out logs for the mill on this place. Father rebuilt the old Van Peer mill. We used a “slash” saw at first but later put in a circular saw. The slash saw worked with an up-and-down motion, cutting only on the down stroke.
In all the time I worked in the woods I
had but one man killed, and he was a green hand who went below a
the sidehill to trim off the branches that kept it from rolling.
altogether with oxen and often handled logs as large as six feet
and 16 feet or more long. Two yoke of oxen could move such a log
found it better practice to use four or five yoke. If many logs
be moved for some distance we built skid roads. We would cut poles
to ten inches in diameter eight feet long and put them for half
in the ground at right angles to the road. The middle of these
be "saddled" to keep the logs in place and crude oil or tallow was
to grease the skids. If the pull was a little down hill three or
would be fastened end-to-end to keep them from over running the
lumber was delivered to Corvallis, or wherever it was wanted, by
The old up-and-down saw was very slow. The most we could cut with that were two or three thousand feet a day. I remember the sawyer would adjust the water power, start the saw through a log and go to dinner. He would have time to finish his meal and get back before the cut was finished.
The country has improved since the early days, in one respect at least. There is more plowed land, but the soil is not so productive. Land that used to produce 40 or more bushels of wheat and 60 bushels of wheat to the acre.
When I was a young man there was nothing to go to but dances and church. Everybody kept a good horse and a buggy if he could afford it. I aimed to keep a horse as good as anybody else had. My favorite driving horse would make a mile in four minutes on the country roads.
I was married in 1890 to Nettie Belle Kibbey. Our children are J. Fred who lives at West Fir, Oregon and Mabel and Bill who are still home. (WPA Interview Texts Courtesy of Marilyn & Curt Rohrer, St. George, UT)
kin to the Eddys. James Hamar, the first white man to settle at
of the Yaquina River at Nashville, was a native scout who came to
in the 1850s or 1860s to Fort Hoskins. He slashed a trail from
Nashville. He applied for a homestead and was granted a square
land. His sister, Sarah Hamar Miller, was widowed after the Civil
Some of her older children were already married. She had younger
and it was terribly hard for widows to raise families in those
just wasn't work that women could do to earn a living. So she came
to located on the land at Nashville.
Then Norman Edwards decided that he would like to come out West. He left his wife and children in Kansas and came to Oregon for a visit. When he saw this area, he decided this was the place for him. He had a big wheat farm and pure bred stock and a lovely big stone house back in Kansas. Edwards offered to move his family to a ranch on the Yaquina in East Lincoln County where they would literally starve to death. Anyone who has lived long in this area knows that no farmer could make it without other work. But Norman Edwards left fairly well to do circumstances and came here to scrape out a living on a stump ranch. In this fresh air, it was the first time in his life he could breathe freely. For this reason, it was worth everything to him to leave what he had to come out here and live in a place where he wanted to be. He loved his ranch and he loved the land.
The Indians must have felt much the same about this area. They had a permanent camp on the Edwards place, members of the family recall. The stones of a sweathouse were all there. The Indians only built permanent sweathouses at permanent sites.
Emma Edwards Eddy recalled Israel coming to her wedding at Nortons in November 1908. He wore a coonskin cap on his head. The old man had a booming voice and carried an ear trumpet, as he was hard of hearing in later years.
He had just recovered from a slight case of ague, a disease similar to malaria, before his wedding, but he joked about it saying he had taken a big swig of piano polish--mistaking it for his medicine--which cured him!
Israel Fisk Eddy died at the age of 87 years, following a bout with pneumonia, which, legend has it, was brought on when he walked from Eddyville to Toledo to pay his taxes. (Lords of Themselves: A History of Eastern Lincoln County, Oregon 1978, pp. 108-113)
(1) Photographer Julie Hendricks with son Evan and friend Ellsworth Conrow "Timber"
Lillard Senior (1910-1990), who was 6 feet 8 inches tall and weighed 240 pounds.
Photo Courtesy of Julie Hendricks
From left to right: Unknown, George & Ivy Harris,
Unknown. Paul R. Steiner wrote "I have a severak connections to it on my Grandmother Letha
Smith's side. Letha's father's mother's mother was Zilpha Eddy, sister of Israel Eddy.
Letha's father's sister was Ivy Smith Harris,and her mother's sister was Lilly Floyd Veit.
Lilly and Henry left Eddyville for Warden in Klamath County and
founded the first store there in about 1909-1910.)
Photo Courtesy of Paul R. Steiner
and his wife, Nancy E. Mulkey (1834-1877), had eight children
home t the time of the 1870 Benton County Census: Minerva (1856);
J. (1859-1877); Charles (1861), the father of Ellsworth "Timber"
(pictured above); Farlow (1863); Abraham Lincoln
(1866-1939), who married Charles Allen and is buried in Toledo;
(1870); who was an infant at the time the census was taken. An
Jane F. Lillard, was married to Robert Lew Feagles, who murdered
Morgan Lillard, who was born in North Carolina, is most remembered as the victim of that fatal bullet wound inflicted by his son-in-law, the details of which were given in the June 1980 issue of the Corvallis Gazette-Times. Lillard had long held a grudge against Feagles, who was, according to Harlan rancher Leonard Grant, "a German fellow who homesteaded the place known as Feagles Creek." One of the first three settlers in the area, Feagles
moved from Missouri to Harlan in 1872.
In her 1985 book, On theYaquina and Big Elk, Evelyn Payne Parry wrote, "Lillard had threatened his son-in-law and was said to have started the shooting. Feagles was building a fence on the roadside near the line between their places. That would have been in front of the Harlan Community Hall."
Leonard Grant recalled that he was "pretty little when Lillard got killed, but my sister Laura witnessed the gun fight. He was killed right where the old store stands now." Grant remembered that "Lillard couldn't get along with anybody, and there was a feud going on. He always carried an old .45 shooter."
Parry said that Lillard's granddaughter, the late Ida Miller Smouse, said the trouble began when the two families had scarlet fever. During November and December of 1877, Lillard's wife, Nancy, their son Thomas and another young son, possibly William, died and were buried on a hillside above Charley Mulkey's large cedar barn.
The oldest of four children, John H. Feagles (1873-1963) was about four years old at the time the epidemic swept the area. His brother died, and he and his sister were dangerously ill. In 1958, Feagles told a Ruralitereporter, "The doctor said the [other] children would have died had they arrived for help for help two and a half hours later."
The question arose as to how they could use a wagon on those hills. Feagles remembered, "There weren't any roads at all in the area when the first three families packed in to Harlan from Burnt Woods by horse." Evelyn Parry added, "There were no bridges. Riding horses would have been a serious undertaking."
But Leonard Grant insisted the problems between them were more complicated and longstanding. "For whatever
reason," Grant told the authors of Lords of Themselves, "Lillard got it in for his son-in-law. Every time he saw him he'd beat him and he'd pull that gun out and abuse him. he'd call him all the dirty names he could think of. Finally, his son-in-law told him, "'Morgan, if you ever pull that gun on me again, I'll kill you.'"
"At the time," Grant reflected, "Robert Feagles didn't even own a gun. He got on his horse and rode on over to Corvallis and bought himself a six-shooter. he was prepared for the worst. The next time Lillard pulled a gun on him," Grant said, "Feagles killed him!"
"I heard my dad say he'd seen Morgan Lillard shoot chickens' heads off," Grant told the authors. "He filed the trigger off of the six-shooter and 'thumbed' the hammer. Then he'd pull the hammer back with his thumb and shoot. He shot six shots at his son-in-law and never touched him. That shows how much nerve he had."
"Feagles didn't kill him dead on the spot," Grant recalled. "Lillard walked home. When he got home he told his folks that he didn't think the son-of-a-bitch had the nerve to shoot. So when he pulled that six-shooter on Feagles, he was badly mistaken. Feagles got on his horse and rode to Corvallis and told the sheriff what he had done, and they didn't even arrest him."
Apparently this unfortunate incident from the dusty annals of Lincoln County lore was soon put away, as an 1893 issue of the Lincoln County Leaderreported that "Ellsworth Lillard is building a boat," and elsewhere "there will be a dance at Elk City Hotel Friday night under the supervision of Lillard Brothers. Music will be provided by F. O. Mays and Commodore P. Bevens." (M. Constance Guardino III, Lords of Themselves: A History of Eastern Lincoln County, Oregon, Delcon Corporation 1977), 127, 128; Evelyn Payne Parry, On the Yaquina and Big Elk, Lincoln County Historical Society Press 1985, 29)
Emperor Wilhelm's Tragic Mistake
quite a town during Eddy's lifetime. In fact, it almost became a
development before World War I.
But for the unwise act of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, the population and economic, social and religious life of Lincoln County and western Benton County might be quite different, according to Henry W. Fish, son of Leon H. Fish, long-time Albany realtor who some 75 years about bought up a lot of land in the area around Eddyville and towards Nortons, and envisioned the settling Benton and Lincoln counties by European families.
Early in Oregon history, Fish wrote, the government wanted a military road connecting Corvallis and Yaquina Bay, and made a grant of land to encourage and help finance its construction. This grant consisted of the odd-numbered sections of land to a depth of 12 miles along the road route, sizable incentive, it would seem. The route of the old wagon road can be visualized today, as it approximated the course taken later by the Corvallis & Eastern Railroad.
Eventually, large blocks of the grant lands fell into the hands of early-day speculators, substantial ownership even being in London, England.
A young man in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Leon H. Fish, got the idea that the time was ripe to break up some of these holdings and sell them to small ranchers.
He envisioned large acreages being sold to active new investors in Oregon's future. He organized a company of eastern men, which purchased 72,000 acres of the former grant lands for resale. In 1806 he moved his family to Oregon and made Albany his headquarters.
Fish, the sparkplug of the new company, had the exclusive sale of his associates; 72,000 acres. He drew no salary and enjoyed no expense account. He operated solely on commission, with an implied warranty that unless he came up with some effective selling ideas, and put in incredibly long, hard days, his family would not do much fancy eating. Those were the times of the rugged individual, before guaranteed security became a way of life!
The record shows that this young man from Iowa had the stuff. His business prospered and his family ate well. Almost single-handedly he sold off the entire 72,000 acres, wearing out several pairs of stout logger boots tramping up and down hills through fallen timber, brush, fern, rain and snow to show the lands to prospective buyers. As his activities expanded, he took a partner, Dr. Andrew J. Hodges of Albany. The pioneer real estate firm of Fish & Hodges operated successfully throughout Oregon for a quarter of a century.
Now, with this background established, let's get back to our opening story.
Meanwhile, in crowded Europe, generations of hardy farmers and ranchers had wrestled a modest living from their hilly, rugged homelands. They longed for good, new soil from and a bet ter future for their families. America offered a good future to all who would go after it. And Western Benton County had the good, new soil in abundance that would be really homelike to these Europeans.
Leon Fish, that bold young man from Iowa, had the large-scale intimate knowledge of these lands, and the actual experience of buying and selling them in huge quantities.
(1) Frantz Family (2) Ernest W. Smith Park at Butte Creek
Photographs Courtesy of Julie Hendricks
The firm of Fish & Hodges, as
as certain members of the Catholic church representing thousands
German, Greek, Romanian and Swiss members of that faith who were
immigrants and colonists, saw an opportunity and tried to seize
two interests joined forces and soon an amazing colonization plan
The plan was no small-time undertaking, and involved a lot of land, people and money. To accommodate the proposed colony, Fish & Hodges rounded up 100,000 acres of land in Lincoln County and Western Benton County, part of which was from the Corvallis-Yaquina Bay Wagon Road grant.
Eddyville appeared to be a practical center for the colony, and as such its manifold growth was foreseen.
The colonization plan shaped up rapidly. Group leaders in the movement inspected the lands and found them good. Over 1,000 people already had reached America and were ready to form the colony with their countrymen when these later arrived from the homelands. Finally, a group of organizers started to Europe to sign up the colonists and get them on their way to Lincoln and Benton counties.
Then came Emperor Wilhelm's tragic mistake: He started World War I. Men in Europe, who might have become neighbors and warm friends in America, put on uniforms and died. With them died the almost colonization of Lincoln and Benton counties.
Fish challenges us to try and imagine today--nearly half a century later--an organized community of thousands of former Europeans and their descendants, now prosperous farmers, ranchers, business men and women, teachers, teachers public officials, etc., all strongly influenced by Old World culture and the doctrine of hard work, all united in one religious faith. Envision Eddyville as a greatly enlarged, prosperous town, perhaps a rival to Toledo and Newport. All of this might have been had it not been for a war that changed the course of history.
Lincoln County has strong ties to this pioneer real estate broker. His father, Liberal C. Fish, once ranched near Nortons. The youngest brother, Everett L. Fish,ranchedfor severaly ears near Nashville. (Lords of Themselves: A History of Eastern Lincoln County, Oregon 1978, pp. 113-115)
located west of Eddyville, Oregon. It is a beautiful neglected
the Yaquina River bank. Two acres of land were donated by Ezekiel
for the purpose of a cemetery. There were reportedly 13 graves at
but now only 10 stones can be found.
The Eddy family
memorial stone is located in the cemetery on the original Eddy
According to the late Evelyn Parry, Rachel Ann Henkle and John L. Shipley first owned this place. Shipley became postmaster and collected toll charges on the Yaquina Bay Wagon Road. The Shipleys sold the site to Eddy around 1872. He changed the name of the post office from Little Elk to Eddyville. (AtRest in Lincoln County, 1979, p. 10)
In his September 23, 2001 letter, Paul F. Steiner wrote: "I have read and much enjoyed your history of Lincoln county towns and cemeteries! I am a descendant of Israel's sister, Zilpha Marie Eddy Custer McCullough. I have different information as to which children Israel had by which wife ( there were three in all). My grandmother's cousin, Edith Smith Compton, was raised by Perry Eddy and his wife (also his first cousin) Lucy Custer Smith Eddy. Edith was, like my grandmother and myself, an amateur genealogist. My understanding is that Israel and Marie Manuel only had one child, Lucy Fiske Eddy (whose namesake was her paternal grandmother). I have gleaned my information from several sources including census records, other distant cousins, Edith, and Lee Genteman."
In her September 10 letter, Carol McCrellias of Shanghi, China wrote: " I ran into your wonderful online article on Israel Eddy while I was trying to fill in some blanks in my mother's Hebert tree. My great-grandfather, Guillaume (William) Hebert, was Marie Phelonise Hebert dite Manuel's (Israel Eddy's wife) 2nd cousin. Even if I weren't related, it would have been very interesting
reading. Thanks for posting it!"
Israel Fisk Eddy, b Feb 14, 1824, Clarendon, Rutland County, VT, d Apr 17, 1911, Newport, Lincoln, OR, bur Old Eddyville Cemetery, Eddyville, m (1) Eliza Jane Farra; b Mar 19, 1846, d 1854-1856, children were (a) Wm Dustin Eddy, b 1847, Erie County, NY; (b) Francis Elvin Eddy, b 1850, Erie County, NY; (c) Jos Hale Eddy, b 1852, Erie County, NY; (d) Mary Helen Eddy, b 1854, Washington County, IA; (2) Polly Delia Pickens, b Jan 6, 1838, d Mar 31873, Jackson, MN; Oct 2, 1856, Washington County, IA; children were (a) Perry Ezekiel Eddy, b Oct 17, 1857, Humbolt County, IA, d Jan 29, 1940, Monrovia, Los Angeles, CA, bur Live Oak Memorial Park, Monrovia, Los Angeles, CA, m (1) Mary Amanda Frantz, b circa Mar 6, 1865 in IA, d Mar 20, 1905, Benton County, OR, m Jun 22, 1884, Hoskins, Benton County, OR, bur Mar 21, 1905, Kings Valley Cemetery, Kings Valley, OR, children were (a) Ernest Eddy, b Apr 17, 1885, Fort Hoskins, Benton County, OR; m (2) Addie Emeline Cornwall, Dec 23, 1912, children were (a) Saml Leland Eddy, b Dec 29, 1886, Hoskins, Benton County, OR, d Sep 19, 1964, Multnomah County, OR; m (3) Edith Unknown, children were (a) Israel Eddy, b Oct 10, 1888, Benton County, OR, d Aug 9, 1972, Corvallis, Benton County, OR, bur Kings Valley Cemetery, Kings Valley, OR; m (4) Adilla Virginia Moser, b Aug 1, 1890 in Oregon, d Jul 1990, Corvallis, Benton County, OR, m Oct 10, 1916 in Benton County, OR, children were (a) Delmar Eddy, b Aug 10, 1893, Hoskins, Benton County, OR, d Nov 12, 1984, Clackamas County, OR; Anna Weisenborn, 2nd w/o Delmar Eddy; Suzanne Marie Weisenborn, 3rd w/o of Delmar Eddy, b Dec 29, 1885, Clackamas County, OR, d Nov 17, 1928, Salem, Marion County, OR, children were: Mary Eddy, b Mar 25, 1895, Myrtle Amanda Eddy, b Jul 1, 1897, d May 13, 1956, Kern County, CA; Unknown Whetcombe, 2nd h/o Myrtle Amanda Eddy; Charles Nines, 3rd h/o of Myrtle Amanda Eddy, m 1915, Benton County, OR; Lucy Adelaide Custer, 2nd w/o Perry Ezekiel Eddy, b Jul 14, 1860 in IA; d Dec 4, 1948 in Taft, Kern County, CA, m May 6, 1908 in Oakland, Alameda County, CA, bur Live Oak Memorial Park, Monrovia County, Los Angeles, CA; children were: Eva Mae Eddy, b May 1862, Blue Earth County, MN, d Dec 27, 1875, Benton County, OR, bur Old Eddyville Cemetery, Eddyville, Lincoln County, OR; (3) Marie Phelonise Manuel, b Jan 30, 1842, Gentilly, QC, d May 6, 1916, Albany, Lincoln County, OR, m Oct 21, 1876, Silbey County, MN; children were: Lucy Fisk Eddy, b May 16, 1879, Eddyville, Lincoln County, OR, d Feb 27, 1967, Salem, Marion County, OR; Andrew Parrish, 1st h/o Lucy Fisk Eddy, m Oct 31, 1894, Little Elk, Lincoln County, OR; children were (a) Lanty Parrish, b circa 1896, d Jan 27, 1966, Multnomah County, OR; (b) Myrtle Parrish, b circa 1898, (2) Bertha Parrish, b 1900, (d) Martha Parrish, b Jun 28, 1901; Ralph D Henry, 2nd h/of Lucy Fisk Eddy, b Feb 22, 1877 in Muskegon County, Muskegon, MI, d Aug 9, 1930, Grayland, Grays Harbor County, WA; m May 16, 1904 in Toledo, Lincoln County, OR; children were: (a) Rbt Eddy Henry, Delmer Henry, b circa 1906, Elmer Henry, b circa 1906, Ralph Henry, b circa 1907; John McCoy, 3rd h/o Lucy Fisk Eddy, m Oct 8, 1928 in Polk County, OR; children were: (a) Lavelle McCoy, Lucille McCoy; John Holman, 4th h/o Lucy Fisk Eddy, b circa 1885, d Dec 31, 1964, m Jun 1951 in Polk County, OR.
Morgan Lillard and Israel Eddy
Photos Courtesy of Evelyn Payne Parry
Baber, Ann (c1814-1880) w/o Ensley H;
adopted dau Minnie & sn Chas McVay Baber, Ensley H
Ann; f/o adopted dau Minnie Baber & stepsn Chas McVay; Baber
for him; Eddy, Eva May (1862-1875) d/o Polly Dellia
Pickens (b 6
Jan 1838 NY bur
MN) & Israel Fisk Eddy;
Lucy Fisk (bur at Dallas, Polk County, OR) & Ezekiel; Eddy,
Isaac (c1800-1890 VT) s/o Jas; h/o Lucy Fisk; f/o Israel;
May; Eddy, Israel Fisk (b 14 Feb 1824, Clarendon, Rutland, VT);
Fisk & Ezekiel. Ezekiel Eddy was the s/o James S Eddy
1764 Scituate, RI) and Mary Salisbury.; Israel Eddy
(1) Eliza Jane W Farran (md Mar 1846). Their four
William Destin, Francis Elvin, Joseph Hale, and Mary Helen; (2)
Dellia Pickins (md 2 Oct 1856). Their three childlren
Eva May, and Joseph; (3) Marie Philonise Hebert dit Manuel
bur Chitwood, OR) and they had one child, Lucy Fisk, the
Curran (Henry). Philonise was born Jan 20, 1842 in Gentilly, PQ.
May 6, 1916 in Albany, Linn County, OR; Eddy, Lucy Fisk
w/o Ezekiel. In November 2003, Betty Curran (Henry) wrote:
with a lot of interest to the story on Israel Eddy, the founder
Oregon. Which I have a copy of the plat he submitted to
I am a great grand-daughter to Israel. He had one daughter
Lucy Fisk by his union to Marie Philonise Hebert dit Manuel
my grandfather Ralph Henry married Lucy in Toledo, Oregon on 16
1904. I am afraid that Perry, Eva and Joseph were by his
Dellia Pickens. His wife Eliza Jane W Farran
four children." Gibson, Saml J B (c1881-1884) s/o H T
Rev Isaac C (c1801-1884) great grandf/o Florence Hunt; grandmo
in IA!; On
August 1, 2008, Grace Foster wrote: "I found my ancestor, Rev.
Hunt (1801-1884) in your information for Eddyville, Benton
I moved to Corvallis, Benton County in 1978 from Illinois and
surprised to learn that I had family here. I never heard
mention of Oregon from my family. I had found Isaac Hunt
family records but really had no idea of my connection to
now. How amazing that I would move to just a few miles
where I have family history." Hunt, Levi W I
Aaron B (1861-1922 IA) &
(1865-1932 OR); h/o Mary P Kenion (1828-? OH); grandf/o Florence
Hunt, Mary P Kenion (1828-1891) w/o Levi W I.. (Lords
A History of Eastern Lincoln County, Oregon 1978, pp. 115,
Little Elk Cemetery is located a short distance east of Eddyville store on the right side of Highway 20 uphill through the gate. On December 29, 1905, Margaret Barnes and heirs deeded the directors of the Eddyville Cemetery Association land for Little Elk Cemetery. E E Chitwood, the grandson of Milton Jackson Allphin, stated it was M J Allphin who donated land for the original cemetery, which is located on land owned by his family. (At Rest inLincoln County, 1979, p. 11)
Allphin, Milton Jackson (1828-1911); Anderson, David (1840-1904); Armentrout, J (?-?) Co H 1? IN Inf; Atkinson, Roy W (1909-1973); Atkinson, Vivian (1908-?); Backman, Ann Wendell (1859-1948); Barnard, -- (?-?); Barnes, Margaret A Smith (1819-1909 PA) d/o Martha Jones & Jas; Barnes, Rbt M (1857-1927); Barnes, Sarah J (1846-1913); Barnett, Harry Dale Jr (1927-1972); Barton, Howard E (1903-1925 Nortons); Booth, Tressie (81 yrs) bur Crystal Lake Cemetery, Corvallis; Bristlin, Andrew (1865-1934) s/o Katherine Butler & Geo B; Burch, -- (?-?); Clawson, Eldridge (1887-1966); Clawson, Eunice Irene (1921-1971); Clawson, Nora May (1886-1959); Clawson, Wilbur J (1918-?); Cline, Ina May (1902-1957); Cordell, Eliza R (1867-1915); Crocker, Geo W (?-?); Crum, Oliver (?-1919); Damon, Fanny A (1851-1926); Damon, G R (1858-1934); Derrick, Melissa J (1839-1922); Derrick, Rose A (1868-1895); Derrick, Zachariah M "Jim" (1832-1922); Drummond, Nathan (1832-1906 OH) moved to IL 1843; pvt Civil War; to Oregon 1888; Eagleson, Chas W (1886-1929); Eagleson, Rbt (1914-1933); Eagleson, Rbt Wm (1947-1968) OR Corp Co D 12 Inf Div Vietnam War (1950-1975); Edwards, Carl D (1892-1973) Pvt WWI; Edwards, Catherine Hall (1891-1966); Estep, Albert Baylor (1877-1944); Ferris, Beulah M (1910-1969) WAC WWII; Ferris, Edw Chas (c1907-1975) d car accident; French, Elva Mae (1906-1971); Goodman, Wm Thms (?-1930); Hanson, -- (?-1960 female); Hanson, Anna Marie (1845-1930); Hanson, Karl (c1889-1960); Hawkins, Brown (1820-1908); Hawkins, Juliet (?-1893); Hawkins, Mahlon (?-1890); Heverling, Henry (1845-1925 Nortons) Pvt Civil War; Hunt, Aaron B (1861-1922 IA) s/o Mary P Kenion (1828-? OH) & Levi W Hunt Sr (1825-1904 OH); h/o Jane Elizabeth Sutton; f/o Levi Hunt Jr; Hunt, Elizabeth (1899-1943); Hunt, Florence (1904-?) d/o Jane Elizabeth Sutton & Aaron B; Hunt, Jane Elizabeth Sutton (1870-1935) w/o Aaron B; m/o Levi W Jr; Hunt, Levi W Jr (1897-1972); s/o Jane Elizabeth & Aaron B; Hunt, Marion B (1865-1932 OR) s/o Mary P Kennison (1828-? OH) & Levi W Sr (1825-1904 OH); Hyde, Baby (?-?); Jacobson, Carl Leslie (1919-2000); bur Phoenix, AZ) s/o Mable Edna Cook & John E; veteran WWII; Jacobson, John E (1890-1960) h/o Mable; f/o Carl Leslie; Jacobson, Mable Edna Cook (1893-1953); w/o John E; m/o Carl Leslie; Jenkins, Mono (1870-1960); Jenkins, Nellie (1877-1958); Jenkins, Raymond (?-?); Johnson, Carl (c1889-1944); Johnson, John Geo (?-1938); Johnson, Lars C (?-?); Johnson, Thrine (1860-1916); Jones, Carrie (1892-1938); Kellogg, Reuben John (1906-1971); Kinney, Vance Bradley (1968-1974); Kruger, Bruce P (1951-1970; Luckey, L A S (1834-1900); Lutz, Chas (1863-1936 PA); s/o John Hurley; Manual, -- (?-1960 female); McBride, Baby (?-?); c/o Emma A Allphin & Clarendon C; McBride, Clarendon C (1861-1929) h/o Emma A Allphin; McBride, Emma A Allphin (1862-1952) w/o Clarendon C; McGee, Adeline E (1831-1913); Mitchell, Helen Vernita (1902-1965); Mitchell, John L (1896-1974) Pfc US Army; Moss, Baby (?-?) c/o Theodora Isabelle?; Moss, Theodora Isabelle (1892-1938 KY); Munger, Baby (?-1908); Olson, Chas J (c1905-1955) s/o Chas John Olson bur Harlan?; Parks, Jos H (1879-1963); Parks, Margaret Jane McDougal (1886-1937); Parks, Walter Nelson (1894-1972); Patterson, Wm W (?-1946); Peterson, John Eric (1860-1929); Pruitt, -- (1856-1933); Pyette, Minnie Ethel (1889-1966); Rankin, Jos L (1906-1970); Rankin, Rose E (1907-1972); Richter, Verna L Parks (1892-1963); Robbins, Baby (?-?) c/o Mary E Wakefield & LeRoy Finley?; Robbins, LeRoy Finley (1883-1949); h/o Mary E Wakefield; Robbins, Mary E "Mamie" Wakefield (1882-1938) d/o Wm Wakefield; w/o LeRoy Finley; Roberge, D Jos (1954-1971); Ruphrect, Emil (1879-1961); Searles, Willard (c1933-1977); Smouse, Lesley M (1949-1949); Smouse, Lester (1895-1978); Smouse, Martin A (1867-1938); Smouse, Mary Etta (1872-1973); Sparks, Arthur (1885-1933); Sparks, Helen B (1862-1941); Sparks, Jas Clay (1855-1914 OH); Stafford, Lawrence (1917-1958); Stager, Virginia W (1874-1955); Swanner, Alice Eagleson Sawyer (1891-1966); Swanner, Franklin D (1904-1944); Van Orden, Chas Wm "Bill" (1919-1978); Wagner, Fred (?-1898); Wakefield, Clifford H (1892-1947); Wakefield, Lois Loudon (?-?); Wakefield, Louisa (1855-1949); Wakefield, Mable Jane Robertson (1912-1998 OR) d/o Kate Blower and Johnny Robertson; w/o Rex W Wakefield; m/o Betty Wakefield Liska & Nancy K Hiatt; Wakefield, Nancy "Belle" Warnock? (1884-1970) d/o Dick Warnock; Wakefield, Rex W (?-1994); h/o Mable Jane Robertson; Wakefield, Wm R (1834-1912) 16th Inf Regt CN Vol Civil War; Watkins, Roy W (c1909-1973); Wehnert, Adolph (1866 1932); Wehnert, Amanda (1876-1950); Weltin, Thms Earl (1897-1965) Pvt OR Btry F 27 Arty Cavalry WWI; Weltin, Melissa E Luckey (1857-1946) d/o L A S Luckey?; Weltin, Moran E (1847-1926); Weltin, Myrtle Willis (?-?); Wilcox, -- (?-?); Willoughby, Albert A (1883-1959); Willoughby, Cora Walrath (1873-1938) w/o Warren; Willoughby, Geo H (1877-1954); Willoughby, Grace (1876-1944); Willoughby, Harold O (1915-1976) Pvt US Army WWII; Willoughby, Leonard "Lee" (?-1954); Willoughby, Mary Ann (1960-1964); Willoughby, Susan V (1893-1945); Willoughby, Walter Warren (1882-1951); Wilson, -- (?-1895); Wilson, Wm (?-1894); Woody, Jonathan (1857-1927) h/o Symantha.
Mays-Strouts Cemetery is located on the Nashville side of Summit, less than a mile from the Summit Store. Traveling toward Nashville from Summit the road makes a sharp left turn under the railroad underpass. One-tenth mile from the underpass and on the right, there is a metal farm gate across the entrance of a narrow graveled road, which angles uphill to the cemetery. (At Rest inLincoln County 1979, p. 151)
Coulter, J P (1838-1908 Ireland); Davis, Earl R (1884-1953) MMI US NRF WWI; Davis, Jas O (1866-1932); Davis, Saml (1842-1923 England); Eddy, Emma Edwards (?-1955) w/o Saml; Eddy, Saml Leland (1886-1973); h/o Emma Edwards; Edwards, Arthur June (?-?) s/o Mildred Lister & June; Edwards, Baby (?-?) d/o Mildred Lister & June; Edwards, Malinda Florence (1859-1941); w/o Norman Franklin; Edwards, Norman Franklin (1852-1916); h/o Malinda Florence; Goodwin, Clarinda C (1837-1904) w/o F A; Hamar, Baby I (?-?) i/o Martha & John; Hamar, Baby II (c/o Martha & John); Hamar, Chas Otis (1887-1962); Hamar, David (1849-1912 IN); Hamar, Effie (1898-?); Hamar, Everett S (1853-1890 IN); Hamar, Henry J (1877-1905) s/o John; Hamar, Jas (1822-1897) h/o Sarah; pioneer of 1862; Hamar, Mary (1861-1911); Hamar, Martie Wakefield (1884-1912); Hamar, Matilda J Owen (1863-1949); Hamar, Roy (1880-1945); Hamar, Sarah E (1822-1895) w/o Jas; Hamar, Sarah B (1901-1920); Mays, Edna Margaret (1862-1872 OR) d/o Sarah E & Chas B; sis/o Ida M (1864-?), Grant B (1866-?), Noah M (1868-?) & Troy M (1870-); Mays, Grant B (1874-1882) s/o Sarah E & Chas B; Moore, Rbt G (1844-1935); Strouts, Edw D (1879-1968); h/o Ruth; Strouts, Strouts, Edw F (1851-1912) h/o Martha C; Strouts, Martha C (1861-1930) w/o Edw F; Strouts, Ruth (1881-1918); w/o Edw D; Strouts,Wm L (?-1920); Vance, Malinda (1830-1889); Wilson, Geo Homer (1882-?).
located on the west side of Highway 223, approximately two miles
of the town of Kings Valley. The cemetery is set back from the
about one quarter of a mile on a dirt road.
This cemetery is the second largest in the group of cemeteries situated in the foothills of the Coast Range and overlooking the river valleys. It is probably the oldest, has the first settlers here in this region in 1846 and evidently this area was used from the time of their arrival.
The older part of the cemetery was never platted. However, in the 1930s the Odd Fellows Lodge of Kings Valley bought the land to the east and south and managed the cemetery for many years. In 1961, the Kings Valley Cemetery Association was formed which platted the new area and today (1988) maintains the grounds.
The 1938 WPA survey stated that there were several marked by flags but with no other identification. It is thought that these were the graves of soldiers who died at Fort Hoskins. All evidence of these graves has disappeared.
There were three other families named Frantz in the 1850 Washington Township, Franklin County, Ohio Census. Of these, Joseph Frantz was 43 and too young to be the father of Samuel P. Both Samuel age 50 and Paul age 53 were about the right age to be his father. This means Samuel was born 1799-1800 PA and Paul 1796-1797 in PA. (Source: Jack Stevens, Dec. 28, 1999)
Alcorn, Sfc Dale S (1898-1965); Alexander, Jas E (1875-1879); Alexander, Mae N (1880-1909); Alexander, Minnie (1877-1879); Alexander, Rebecca Chambers (1860-1951); Alexander, Thms C (1880-1950); Allen, Hettie Ann (1864-? OR) d/o Julia A (1848-1926 MO) & Jos W (1846-1920 IN); Allen, Jos W (1846-1920 IN) h/o Julia A; f/o Hettie Ann (1864-? OR), Sarah E (1867-? OR) & Lincoln (1869-? OR); Allen, Julia A (1848-1926 MO) w/o Jos W; m/o Hettie Ann (1864-? OR), Sarah E (1867-? OR) & Lincoln (1869-? OR); Allen, Lucy (1874-1878 OR) d/o Ann M & N W; Allen, Maria A (1848-1939); Allen, Morris (1848-1913 OR); Bevens, Ann M (1899-1919); Bevens, Gabriel D H (1895-1896); Bevens, Ida A (1884-1884); Bevens, Isabell E (1866-1929); Bevens, Francis M (1868-1876 OR); Bevens, Otto G (1891-1899); Bevens, Theo Archie (1902-1980); Bevens, Theo P (1859-1940 OR); twin /o Commodore Perry (1859-1913 bur Elk City Cemetery); Bevens, Willard W (1876-1877); Blackden, Sarah Jane (1878-1949); Burgett, Benj Franklin (1858-1860); Burgett, Josephine M (1863-1873 OR) d/o Rebecca J & Wm H I; Burgett, Rebecca J (1842-1875 MO) w/o Wm H I; Burgett, Wm H II (1861-1863) s/o Rebecca J & Wm H I (1830-? MO); Carpenter, Arthur O (1858-1862); Caves, Jas (1869-1869); Caves, Pvt Josiah (1845-? Washington Territory 1853-1889); Caves, Marcus R (1872-1906); Caves Minnie W (1881-1912); Caves, Thelma E (1906-1911); Chambers, Alice (1867-1879 OR) d/o Lovisa King & Rowland Chambers; Chambers, Anna (1865-1879 OR) d/o Lovisa King & Rowland Chambers; Chambers, Delmer (1879-1882); Chambers, Jas (1865-1879); Chambers, Jas R (1883-1974); Chambers, John (1851-1916 or 1928); Chambers, Lovisa King (1825-1888 OH) 2nd w/o Rowland Chambers; Chambers, Mary (1857-1916); Chambers, Rebecca (1860-1951 OR) d/o Lovisa King & Rowland Chambers; Chambers, Rowland (1813-1870) s/o Susan Van Gundy & Jos Chambers; h/o (1) Sarah King (1823-1845 died on Meek Cutoff); f/o Jas (1842-?) & Margaret (1844-?) (2) h/o Lovisa King; f/o Sara (1847-?0, Wm (1848-?), John (1851-1916 or 1928), Franklin (1853-?), Henry (1854-?), Odelia (1855-?), Saml (1857-1939), Lydia (1858-?), Jackson (1859-?), Rebecca (1860-1951), Julia (1861-?), Lincoln (1863-?) Anna (1865-1879) & Alice (1867-1879); Chenoweth, Elizabeth (1833-1911 IL) w/o hon F A; Chenoweth, hon F A (1819-1899); Chenoweth, Rbt (1866-1883); Chenoweth, Ross (1853-? Washington Territory 1853-1989) s/o Elizabeth & hon F A; Clark, Eva McHenry (65 y); Cobb, Claude E (1883-1932); Coe, Bevens (1883-1898); Conway, Mamie Jacqueline (1932-1938); Cooper, Barbara Ellen (1861-1908); Cooper, Edith (1899-1900); Cooper, Ida (1884-1884); Cooper, Luther Wm (1879-1953); Cooper, Ora (1890-1892); Cooper, Willard (1885-1911); Dilly, Edna Josephine (1861-1943); Dunn, Mabel Frantz (1910-1961); Eddy, Mary (1895-1895); Eddy, Mary Amanda Frantz (1865-1905); Elkins, Edgar (1886-1912); Fowler, Chas A (1861-1925 OR) s/o Philena & Geo M; Fowler, Matheny J (1852-1857) d/o Philena & Geo M?; Fowler, Geo M (1822-1884 MO) h/o Philena; f/o Larkin L (1854-? OR), Jas W (1856-? OR), John M (1859-1929 OR), Margaret F (1861-? OR), Chas A (1861-1925 OR), Geo K (1864-? OR), & Sarah E (1866-? OR); Fowler, John M (1859-1929 OR) s/o Philena & Geo M; Fowler, Philena (1825-1901 MO) w/o Geo M; m/o Larkin L (1854-? OR), Jas W (1856-? OR), John M (1859-1929 OR), Margaret F (1861-? OR), Chas A (1861-1925 OR), Geo K (1864-? OR), & Sarah E (1866-? OR); Frantz, Althea (1903-1924); Frantz, Byington Y (1860-1950 IA) s/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Dorvel (1916-1917); Frantz, Edson Olds (1863-1863) s/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Jefferson E (1858-1888 IA) s/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Julia F (1856-1943); Frantz, Laura B (1867-1908); Frantz, Laura L (?-1919); Frantz, Lydia J (1867-1881 OR) d/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Marion (1892-1931) s/o Marry Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Mary Amanda [see Eddy] (1865-1905 IA) d/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Mathilda (1875-1950); Frantz, Nettie Belle Kibbey (1875-1951) w/o Edson Olds; m/o J. Fred, who lived at West Fir, OR, Mabel & Bill, who still lived at home in 1938; Frantz, Saml J (1912-1941); Frantz, Saml Paul (1823-1891 PA) h/o Mary Harris (1830-? OH); m Sep 17, 1848 Franklin, OH; f/o Chas Amos (1849-1933 OH); Rebecca Eleanor (1851-1893 IA) m John J Fuller Jun 12, 1870; Wallace (1855-1930 IA); Jefferson Eleric (1858-1888 IA); Byington (1860-1950 IA) h/o Laura Bell Read m Jul 3, 1889; f/o Lillie M (1890-1927); Maude May; Dora Edith (1895-1917); Murl D; Katherine L (1899-1970); Lela Inez (1901-1998); Walter Chas (1904-1988) h/o Alice Lida Bullis Geo D; Edson Olds (1863-1945) h/o Nettie Belle Kibbey m Sep 25, 1898 f/o Jas Fred (1902-1986), Mabel Estelle (1910-1961), Wm Edson (1911-1952); Mary Amanda “Mandy” (1865-1905 IA) w/o Perry Ezekiel Eddy m Jun 22, 1884 Hoskins; m/o Saml Leland, Delmar, Mary Eddy, Myrtle E, Elmer, David, Israel; Lydia J (1867-1881 OR); Marion L (1872-1931); Frantz, Wallace (1855-1930 IA) s/o Mary Harris & Saml P; Frantz, Pfc Wm E (1911-1952) h/o Julia Elizabeth Hamar m Jul 6, 1879; f/o Mary Estella, Emma Lorena; Gerber, LT2 Henry H I (?-1859 France; Ft Hoskins) h/o Victoria (1844-? MO); f/o Margaret (1864-? OR), Geo (1866-? OR) & Henry H II (1868-? OR); Garrison, Dora Loretta (1860-1876); Garrison, Cerilda (1838-1888); Glandon, Lydia W (1876-1949); Graham, Grace Viola (1916-1972); Graham, Harriet Lovisa (1886-1965); Graham, John Donald (1916-1966); Graham, John Maxfield (1883-1964); Graham, Jos Wm (1881-1965); Graham, Niena Lou Keison (1957-?); Grant, David A (c1811-1860 TN) h/o America (1825-? MO); f/o Martha (1858-? OR); Grant, Elijah (1825-1880 KY); Grant, Gilbert M (1860-1871 OR) s/o Sarah Jane and Rich J; bro of Jas (1853-? OR); Grant, Rich J (1826-1891 MO); Grant, Sarah Jane (1826-1913 KY); Grubbs, Caswell Wm (1837-1864 PA) s/o David C?; Pvt Co D 4th Inf Regt, CA Vol 1862: Ft Yamhill; Grubbs, David C (1809-1866 PA) f/o Caswell Wm?; Haight, Adaline E (1850-1922); Haight, Cornelius A (1842-1926); Hallock, Lucretia (1807-1860); Harlan, Ralph H (?-1934) OR Corp Inf Div; Harris, E Bryon (1868-1870); Hastings, Ella (1861-1884); Hastings, Ella Price (1821-1844); Hastings, Ettie (1859-1895); Huffman, Chloe (1852-1854); Huffman, Sam (1826-1854); Jones, Merle C (1910-1979); Kenworth, John K (1863-1948); Kenworth, Loverena M (1881-1948); Kibbey, David I (1807-1882 KY) f/o Mary (1845-? MO), Jas (1848-? MO), David II (1850-? MO), Sarah (1853-? MO) & Clorinda (1866-? OR); h/o Eliza; Kibbey, Eliza (1806-1882 VA) m/o Mary (1845-? MO), Jas (1848-? MO), David II (1850-? MO), Sarah (1853-? MO) & Clorinda (1866-? OR); w/o David I; King, Nahum Amos (1783-1856 War of 1812) h/o Serepta Norton; m May 9, 1807 New Lebanon, Columbia Co, NY; King, Serepta Norton (1791-1863) d/o Delany Howe & Jas Norton; w/o Nahum Amos; m/o Serepta (1808-1829), Lucretia (1809-1860), Delany (1811-1823), John (1813-1845), Hopestill (1815-1892), Hannah (1816-1825), Stephen (1818-1852), Isaac (1819-1866), Amos Nahum (1822-1902), Sarah (1823-1845), Jas Russell (1826-1829), Lovisa (1828-1889), Abigail (1829-1857), Lydia (1831-c1905), Solomon (1833-1913) & Rhoda Ann (1835-1912); King, Stephen (1853-1882 OR) s/o Serepta & Nahum Amos; Kinney, Andrew (1804-1885); Lemon, Mary E (1858-1895 MO) w/o Jas C (1831-? MO); m/o Isaac N (1862-? OR), John F (1864-? OR), Alice (1866-? OR) & Josephine (1868-? OR); Lawrence, Albert (1919-1919); Lawrence, Ellen (1922-1923); Lawrence, Lillie (1897-1928); Lilly, Lucinda A (1845-? IL) w/o Sidi N I; m/o Leslie (1863-? OR), Ora Dell (1866-? OR) and Clara (1868-? OR); Lilly, Sidi N II (1861-1863) s/o Lucinda A & Sidi N I; Lilly, Jerry L (1830-? NY) h/o Mary (1840-? IL); f/o Ada (1858-? OR), May (1860-? OR), Geo (1862-? OR), Ann (1865-? OR), & Jane (1868-? OR); Lilly, Sidi N I (1831-? NY) h/o Lucinda A; f/o Leslie (1863-? OR), Ora Dell (1866-? OR) and Clara (1868-? OR); Matheny, Grace M (1879-1979) d/o Harriet (1833-? IL) & A P J (1821-? IN?); Long, 3 Babies (?-?) infants of Ellen Garland & Gabriel?; Long, Ellen Garland (1832-1890 PA) d/o Rebecca Garland (1798-? PA); w/o Gabriel; m/o A D (1856-? OR), Pamela (1858-? OR), Sarah A (1868-? OR) & Frances J (1870-1880 OR); Long, Emma (?-?) d/o Ellen Garland & Gabriel?; Long, Frances J (1870-1880 OR) d/o Ellen Garland & Gabriel; Long, Gabriel (1825-1908 VA) h/o Ellen Garland; f/o A D (1856-? OR), Pamela (1858-? OR), Sarah A (1868-? OR) & Frances J (1870-1880 OR) Long, Hugh L (1878-1880) s/o Ellen Garland & Gabriel?; Long, Irena (?-?) d/o Ellen Garland & Gabriel?; Long, Phoebe (1860-?) d/o Ellen Garland & Gabriel?; Lyday, Price Meyer (1962-1982); Maxfield, E C (1826-1887); Maxfield, Jane (1826-1909); Maxfield, Lyman T (1854-1891); Maxfield, Olive E (1869-1939); Maxfield, Walter (1867-1956); Maxfield, Wm M (1864-1870); McConnell, Mary (1845-1913); McConnell, Reason (1837-1904); McGrath, Michael (1882-1972 Ireland); McHenry, Cleone Laverne (1918-1984); McHenry, Eva (?-?); Miller, Arthur C (1857-1937); Miller, Chas Bruce (1873-1945); Miller, Dolly O (1882-1905); Miller, Dora A (1898-1986); Miller, Hettie A (1865-1945); Miller, Jacob B (1875-1932); Miller, John S (1831-1910 IN) h/o Vienna F (1837-1906 IN); f/o Wm H (1855-? OR), Martha E (1857-? OR), John Isaac (1857-? OR), Mary E (1861-? OR), Taylor John (1862-1915 OR) & Albert (1864-? OR); Miller, Paul R (1895-1980); Miller, Rosa G (1876-1916) d/o Vienna F & John S?; Miller, Taylor John (1862-1915 OR); Miller, Vienna F (1837-1906 IN) w/o John S (1831-1910 IN); m/o Wm H (1855-? OR), Martha E (1857-? OR), John Isaac (1857-? OR), Mary E (1861-? OR), Taylor John (1862-1915 OR) & Albert (1864-? OR); Norton, Arthur (1868-1953 OR) s/o Nancy Ann & Wiley; Norton, Ashnah (1847-1933 OR) d/o Hopestill King (1815-1892) & Lucius Carolus Norton; w/o Jas Plunkett (1838-? Canada); m/o Lucius (1866-? OR), Wiley II (1867-? OR) & Frank (1869-? OR); Norton, Byron (1884-1897); Norton, Sarina I (1855-1873 OR) d/o Hopestill; Norton, Sarina II (1877-1950); Norton, Cerilda Jane (1857-1858 OR) d/o Hopestill King & Lucius Norton; Norton, Cleve (1884-1919); Norton, Cynthia (1850-1850) d/o Hopestill King & Lucius Norton; Norton, Elsie E (1908-1982); Norton, Hopestill (1816-1892 OH) w/o Lucius; m/o Isaac (1840-?), Wiley (1844-1933, Ashnah (1847-1933), Nahum (1850-1922), Cynthia (1850-1850), Melinda (1852-?), Serepta (1854-1909), Cerilda (1857-1858), Serena (1877-1950) & Lucius Carolus II (1859-?), Norton, LeRoy (1872-1956); Norton, Lucius Carolus I (1818-1859) s/o Cynthia Knapp & Solomon Norton; h/o Hopestill King (1815-1892) f/o Ashnah; Norton, Luella May (1868-1888 OR) d/o Olive Harris & Isaac; Norton, Mary (1866-1875 OR) d/o Nancy A Zumwalt & Wiley; Norton, Nancy Ann Zumwalt (1847-1930) w/o Wiley; m/o Mary (1866-1875 OR) & Arthur (1868-1953 OR), Sarina I (1855-1873); Norton, Sarina II (1877-1950); Norton, Olive Harris (1842-1897) w/o Isaac (1842-? OH) m Feb 20, 1867; Norton, Rudy R (1906-1976); Norton, Wiley (1844-1933 MO) s/o Hopestill King & Lucius Norton; h/o Nancy Ann Zumwalt; Oleman, Alta (1902-1950); Oleman, Audrey M (1929-1929); Oleman, Chas I (1846-1910); Oleman, Edgar (1902-1903); Oleman, Oliver S (1884-1946); Owen, Pvt Ben Franklin (?-?); Owen, Jane C (1833-1877); Owen, Geo Washington (?-?); Pittman, lt J M (?-?); Price, Baby I (?-1899 male); Price, Baby II (1910-? male); Price, Birdie Lane (1882-1885) d/o Serepta Norton & Willard Lane Price; Price, Carl (1892-1893); Price, Gilla A (1818-1890 MO); Price, Emma L (1871-1886); Price, Jas B (1841-1909 MO); Price, Jas L (1886-1964); Price, John (1873-1949); Price, Jos W (1846-1908 MO); Price, Larkin G I (1824-1910); Price, Larkin G II (1868-1929 OR) s/o Harriet Simpson & Larkin G Price I; h/o Julia Chambers; Price, Margaret (1877-1950); Price, Mary E (1847-1915 OR); Price, Mary O Keys (1858-1882 OR); Price, Minnie M (1874-1905); Price, Nettie May Field (1882-1939); Price, Preston S (1851-1926 MO); Price, Serepta Norton (1854-1909) w/o Willard Lane Price; m/o Minnie (?-?), Emma L (18871-1886) & Birdie Lane (1882-1885); Price, Willard Lane (1850-1911) s/o Harriet Simpson & Larkin Price; h/o Serepta Norton; Price, Wm B (1879-1949); Price, Rovina I (1891-1987); Plunkett, Ada J (1887-1963) d/o Ashnah Norton & Jas?; Plunkett, Ashnah Norton (1847-1933 OR); w/o Jas (1838-? Canada); m/o Lucius (1865-1926 OR), Wiley (1867-1934 OR), Frank A (1869-1946), Eldora (1869-1931), Nellie A (1872-1917), Barton I (1872-1876), Edgar (1873-1935)?, Garfield (1881-1942)?, Henry (1883-1960)?, Minnie P (1887-1952) & Ada J (1887-1963); Edgar (1873-1935) s/o Ashnah & Jas?; Plunkett, Barton (1871-1875) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; Plunkett, Edgar (1873-1935) s/o Ashnah & Jas?; Plunkett, Eldora Lewis (1869-1931) 2nd w/o Francis A Plunkett, m May 28, 1919; Plunkett, Francis A (1869-1946) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; h/o (1) Nellie Ann Tatom (2) Eldora Lewis; Plunkett, Garfield (1881-1942) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; Plunkett, Henry (1883-1960) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; Plunkett, Jas (1836-1911 IA) s/o Sarah Cade & Rbt Plunkett; h/o Ashnah Norton; Plunkett, Lucius (1865-1926) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; Plunkett, Nellie A (1872-1917) d/o Ashnah & Jas?; Plunkett, Minnie P (1887-1952) d/o Ashnah & Jas?; Plunkett, Wiley (1867-1934) s/o Ashnah Norton & Jas; Ray, Murl Cooper (1852-1937); Rice, — (1876-1876 Femelle) Infant d/o Martha Jane & Sam; Rice, Chas Edwin (1857-1941 OR) s/o Martha Jane & Sam; Rice, John E (1865-1868 OR; twin of Frances?); Rice, Martha Jane (1828-1900 IN) w/o Sam; m/o Albert N (1852-? OR), Mary L (1855-? OR), Chas Edwin (1857-1941 OR), Ellen (1862-? OR), Frances (1865-? OR) & John E (1865-1868 OR); twin of Frances?); Rice, Sam (1828-1898 CN) h/o Martha J; f/o Albert N (1852-? OR), Mary L (1855-? OR), Chas Edwin (1857-1941 OR), Ellen (1862-? OR), Frances (1865-? OR) & John E (1865-1868 OR; twin of Frances?); Rogers, Agnes F (1844-1911); Rogers, G (1836-1903); Ross, Daisy (1882-?); Ross, Danl M (1881-1910); Seifert, Clarinda (1866-1939); Seifert, Edith (1898-1907); Seifert, Herman (1866-1943); Sheythe, Chas (1836-1898); Sheythe, Christina (1841-1899); Sheythe, Edw (1871-1898); Sheythe, John (1875-1894); Simpson, David H (1871-1936); Simpson, Fain A (1882-1952); Simpson, Lillie (?-?); Stewart, Little Ann (1880-1880); Story, Albert G (1885-1924); Story, B Ethel (1883-1945); Story, Florence J (1853-1935); Story, J Frank (1895-1956); Story, Jacob L (1880-1959); Story, John W (1851-1937); Surcamp, Gary Lee (?-1950); Tatom, Cyrena (1854-1926) w/o Solomon?; Tatom, Solomon (1847-1926 MO) bro of Wm (1831-? IL)?; bro-in-law of Sarah E (1843-? MO)?; uncle? of Sarah C (1860-? OR), Georgiana (1862-? OR), Thms (1865-? OR), Marcus (1867-? OR), Rich (1868-? OR) & Ella (1870-? OR)?; Taylor, Elsie J (1882-1972); Thomas, Wm Perry (1868-1972); Townsend, Baby (1871-1871 male); Townsend, Ella (1868-1907) d/o Jas Sophronia & Jas Monroe?; Townsend, Jas Monroe I (1834-1892 IL) h/o Sophronia; f/o Jas Monroe II (1861-1910 OR) & W L (1863-? OR); Townsend, Jessie (1893-1914); Townsend, Jas Monroe II (1861-1910 OR) s/o Sophronia & Jas Monroe I; Townsend, Pearl M (1894-1908); Townsend, Sophronia (1844-1923 MO) w/o Jas Monroe I; m/o Jas Monroe II (1861-1910 OR) & W L (1863-? OR); Troxel, Chas L (1860-1940 OR) s/o Elizabeth Emrick (1838-1879 IL) & Frederick (1814-? KY); Troxel, Geo A (1864-1940); Van Meter, Jas T (1852-1932); Van Meter, Nancy E (1850-1910); Van Meter, Thelma (1894-1905); Van Meter, Wm E (1892-1964); Winniford, Alex Findlay (1834-1918); Winniford, Amanda Melvina (1848-1924); Winniford, Florence E (1881-1901); Wood, Elizabeth (1804-1855); Wood, Jas (1776-1874); Wood, Mary Ann (1854-1899); Wood, Nova Adella (1892-1910); Wood, Melvesta A (1874-1879); Wood, Wm Franklin (1849-1854).
Sermons (1): An Online Ministry of Rev. Marilyn A. Riedel
Early Words and Sermons (2) Early Words and Sermons (3)
by Rev. Marilyn A. Riedel I II
Oregon History Online: Volume I Volume II
Volume III Volume IV Volume V
Volume VI Volume VII Volume VIII
Volume IX Volume XOregon History CD Edition
1870 Benton County Oregon Census A-ICensus J-RCensus S-Z
1870 Polk County Oregon Census A-M1870 Census N-Z
Wild Women West: One-Eyed CharlieWestern Warrior Women
Black Pioneers Settle Oregon CoastYaquina Bay Oyster Wars
Wolf Creek SanctuaryRogue River CommunitiesGolden Campbellites
Murder on the Gold Special: The D'AutremontsTyee View Cemetery
Eddyville CemeteriesOlex CemeteryApplegate Pioneer Cemetery
Thomason CemeterySiletz Valley CemeteriesSiletz Indian Shakers
Glenwood, Harlan, Chitwood CemeteriesElk City Pioneer Cemetery
Eureka CemeteryToledo Pioneer CemeteryGuardino Family History
"So Be It" Autobiography by Mariano Guardino
Dobbie-Smith Genealogy "Aunt Edie" by Harriet Guardino
Dobbie Obituaries and Letters
Historic Oregon Coast AlbumHistoric Grants Pass Oregon Album
"The Great Pal" by Harriet Guardino